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Kinderarbeit im Deutschen Reich und Deutschland - von 1800 by Birgit Plan

By Birgit Plan

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Sozialpädagogik / Sozialarbeit, observe: 1,3, Alice-Salomon Hochschule Berlin (ASFH Berlin), Veranstaltung: Geschichte, Theorie, employer und Arbeitsfelder der Sozialen Arbeit, four Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Noch am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts – additionally vor der Industriewirtschaft – struggle die Muskelkraft von Menschen und Tieren zusammen die wichtigste Energiequelle. guy kann davon ausgehen, dass in Europa die Arbeitskraft von intestine a hundred and eighty Millionen Menschen etwa halb so viel Energie produzierte, wie die von knapp forty Millionen Arbeitstieren, vornehmlich Ochsen und Pferden. Alle übrigen Energiequellen – Holz, Wasserräder, Windmühlen, Segel, Flussboote, Holzkohle und Steinkohle – erbrachten zusammen nur wenig mehr Energie, als die Muskeln von Mensch und Tier. Die erbrachte Energie der „lebenden Arbeitsmaschinen“ ist additionally sehr gering.

Der Mangel an Kraftquellen warfare auf jede zugreifende Hand, jeden gebeugten Nacken, jeden gekrümmten Rücken angewiesen, da das Energieproblem der vor – industriellen Zeit das Kernproblem des Wirtschaftens darstellte.

Auf diesem ökonomischen Hintergrund muss die permanente Kinderarbeit bei Tagelöhnern, Pächtern und Bauern, bei Handwerkern, Händlern und Handlangern gesehen werden. Nur die wirklich Reichen der Kaufleute, Geistlichen und Adligen brauchten ihre Kinder nicht arbeiten zu lassen. 1

In meiner Hausarbeit möchte ich den Ursachen und historischen Hintergründe von Kinderarbeit in Deutschland auf den Grund gehen. Das Kinderarbeitsschutzgesetz spielt dabei eine wesentliche Rolle.

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Jugendkriminalität als gesellschaftliche Abweichung und by Isabella Moch-Trzcinski

By Isabella Moch-Trzcinski

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1998 im Fachbereich Sozialpädagogik / Sozialarbeit, observe: sehr intestine, Evangelische Fachhochschule Rheinland-Westfalen-Lippe (Studiengang Sozialarbeit), Veranstaltung: Vorlesung: Einführung in die Soziologie, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Anhand verschiedenen Publikationen möchte ich in meiner Arbeit Jugendkriminalität als gesellschaftliche Abweichung und soziales challenge darstellen. Angesicht des Umfangs des Stoffes ist im Rahmen dieser Arbeit eine ausführliche Darstellung leider nicht möglich - so bin ich gezwungen, mich auf das We-sentliche zu konzentrieren.

Aus den veröffentlichten Statistiken erkennt guy, daß die Jugendkriminalität zunimmt und zu einem immer größeren gesellschaftlichen challenge wird. Geäußert wird sie durch z.B. leichtsinniges Autofahren, Besitzenwollen von materiellen Gütern, die guy noch nicht selber bezahlen kann oder wütende Händel und Raufereien, die den Gegner ernsthaft in Gefahr bringen - hierin spiegelt sich jugendliches Verhalten wider. Das challenge versucht guy seit Jahren in den Griff zu bekommen, indem guy diese Phänomene zu erklären und zu beseitigen versucht.

In meiner Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema halte ich für notwendig zuerst die Begriffe ‘Abweichendes Verhalten’ und ‘Kriminalität’ zu klären (Kap.2). In dem nächsten Kapitel (3) komme ich - ausgehend von einigen statistischen Befunden - zu dem Erscheinungsbild von Jugendkriminalität. Als eine logische Erweiterung kommt dann eine examine der Ursachen (Kap.4) und Frage nach der möglichen Lösung des difficulties (Kap.5).

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Integrated Education in Conflicted Societies by M. Zembylas

By M. Zembylas

teachers and practitioners study the constructing box of built-in schooling in conflicted societies, the place childrens who would routinely be trained aside are intentionally expert jointly. They draw on a number theoretical and sensible frameworks, supplying a number of case experiences from Northern eire, Israel, Macedonia, and Cyprus.

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Changing Educational Landscapes: Educational Policies, by Dimitris Mattheou

By Dimitris Mattheou

Analyzing academic landscapes – the elemental values, ideas and associations of the field – is a hugely advanced and critical activity for any researcher. Like transferring desolate tract sands, those points of schooling are in a continuing kingdom of flux, altering in line with the unpredictable financial, social, cultural and geo-political situations of past due modernity. Key features of the difficult, fluid and multifarious modern surroundings can regularly get away the researcher’s inevitably selective statement. The members to this publication percentage the view that it truly is clever, consequently, to keep in mind different people’s principles, perceptions and views, to check notes and mirror seriously on them. hence the papers provided listed here are a severe and comparative research of today’s altering academic landscapes. they're an exploration of a few of the forces and components that result in those alterations, and in addition research a few of their most important implications. The paintings takes a clean examine acquired ideology and institutional practices and delineates the more and more internationalized academic discourses and rules. between different issues, the ebook discusses the obsession with caliber in schooling and the choice perceptions of academic equality; the emerging situation on the hindrances to really multicultural schooling, and the talk in regards to the epistemological foundations either one of wisdom and information creation. Underlying all the papers within the ebook is the authors’ purpose to augment our knowing of academic switch during this period of transition and to additional our appreciation of its multifaceted expressions around the world.

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Scale-Up in Education: Ideas in Principle by Barbara Schneider,Sarah-Kathryn McDonald

By Barbara Schneider,Sarah-Kathryn McDonald

Scale-Up in schooling, quantity 1: principles in precept examines the demanding situations of 'scaling up' from a multidisciplinary point of view. It brings jointly contributions from disciplines that in many instances take promising concepts to scale, together with medication, company, engineering, computing, and schooling. jointly the participants discover acceptable tools for estimating the results of ideas in greater, extra assorted settings and supply theories and versions to lead the layout of ideas probably to stay doable at huge scales. Specially-commissioned commentaries additionally talk about the analytical standards and theoretical chances of a software of academic examine on scale-up outfitted upon those foundations. This quantity is best for researchers, policymakers, and graduate scholars charged with picking the effectiveness of academic interventions. With its insights into the conceptual and methodological necessities for acquiring rigorous, actionable proof of intervention results, the quantity offers interpreting for software overview classes in colleges of schooling and public policy.

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Changing Practices, Changing Education by Stephen Kemmis,Jane Wilkinson,Christine Edwards-Groves,Ian

By Stephen Kemmis,Jane Wilkinson,Christine Edwards-Groves,Ian Hardy,Peter Grootenboer,Laurette Bristol

This publication goals to aid academics and those that help them to re-imagine the paintings of training, studying and top. particularly, it exhibits how ameliorations of academic perform rely on complementary differences in classroom-school- and system-level organisational cultures, resourcing and politics. It argues that reworking schooling calls for greater than specialist improvement to remodel lecturers; it additionally demands basic adjustments in studying and prime practices, which in flip skill reshaping companies that aid lecturers and educating – organisational cultures, the assets businesses supply and distribute, and the relationships that attach individuals with each other in firms. The publication is predicated on findings from new examine being performed by way of the authors – the learn group for the (2010-2012) Australian examine Council-funded Discovery undertaking best and studying: constructing Ecologies of academic Practice.

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Classroom Wars: Language, Sex, and the Making of Modern by Natalia Mehlman Petrzela

By Natalia Mehlman Petrzela

The schoolhouse has lengthy been a crucible within the development and contestation of the political suggestion of "family values." via Spanish-bilingual and intercourse schooling, moderates and conservatives in California got here to outline the relations as a politicized and racialized web site within the past due Sixties and Seventies. intercourse schooling turned an important enviornment within the tradition wars as cultural conservatives imagined the family members as imperiled by means of morally lax progressives and liberals who endorsed for those courses tried to control the onslaught of sexual explicitness in broader tradition. Many moderates, besides the fact that, doubted the propriety of addressing such delicate concerns open air the house. Bilingual schooling, in the meantime, used to be condemned as a logo of wasteful federal spending on ethically questionable curricula and an intrusion on neighborhood prerogative. Spanish-language bilingual-bicultural courses could appear much less appropriate to the politics of relatives, yet many Latino mom and dad and scholars tried to say their authority, opposed to nice resistance, in impassioned calls for to include their cultural and linguistic background into the school room. either varieties of academic courses, of their winning implementation and within the response they encouraged, spotlight the rightward flip and enduring progressivism in postwar American political culture.

In Classroom Wars, Natalia Mehlman Petrzela charts how a country and a citizenry deeply dedicated to public schooling as an engine of civic and ethical schooling navigated the large alterations caused through the Nineteen Sixties, together with the sexual revolution, college desegregation, and a dramatic bring up in Latino immigration. She strains the mounting tensions over academic progressivism, cultural and ethical decay, and financial improvidence, utilizing assets starting from coverage files to pupil newspapers, from direction reviews to oral histories. Petrzela finds how progressively more american citizens fused values approximately relations, own, and civic morality, which inspired a robust politics that engaged many Californians and, finally, many americans. In doing so, they blurred the excellence among private and non-private and encouraged a few of the fiercest school room wars in American heritage. Taking readers from the cultures of Orange County mega-churches to Berkeley coffeehouses, Natalia Mehlman Petrzela's background of those school room controversies sheds mild at the bitterness of the battles over variety we proceed to salary this day and their impression on colleges and society nationwide.

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The Board-Savvy Superintendent by Paul D. Houston,Doug Eadie

By Paul D. Houston,Doug Eadie

The Board-Savvy Superintendent's hard-hitting, no-nonsense, recommendation on tuition board management capitalizes on Houston and Eadie's hands-on adventure operating with enormous quantities of forums and superintendents during the last quarter-century. it's a functional, survive-and-thrive publication that might aid institution district leaders—board contributors, superintendents, and senior administrators—learn to interact effectively in top their districts in those terribly hard times.
Filled with targeted, completely confirmed advice on tips to gather the talents and data that make up board savvyness, it additionally addresses the right way to increase the college board's means to provide actually high-impact governance, and the way to construct a powerful, enduring, efficient board-superintendent operating partnership. The authors take a clean examine the method of governing, going well past the old fashioned, control-focused "policy governance" method. instead of being preoccupied with constructing a static constitution of guidelines to tell apart the board's position from the superintendent's, the ebook describes how the board and superintendent can creatively interact in making judgements approximately such severe governing "products" as values, imaginative and prescient, project, and strategic swap initiatives.
School district leaders will enjoy The Board-Savvy Superintendent's shut examine the "gold normal" for board involvement in class affairs: prime strategic switch. The authors move well past the normal long-range making plans technique of in simple terms projecting every thing a college district is doing for a few arbitrary interval of three or five years, which has generated a whole bunch paper and little vital switch to supply the reader with certain, functional suggestions on enticing institution forums creatively and proactively in a way more selective, vision-driven strategy that truly leads to the implementation of strategic switch: the Strategic swap Portfolio.

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Leading for Equity: The Pursuit of Excellence in the by Stacey M. Childress,Denis P. Doyle,David A. Thomas ,David

By Stacey M. Childress,Denis P. Doyle,David A. Thomas ,David Gergen

Leading for Equity tells the compelling tale of the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public faculties and its transformation—in below a decade—into a procedure dedicated to breaking the hyperlinks among race and sophistication and educational achievement.

In chapters equipped round six middle subject matters, the authors lay out the fundamental components of MCPS’s luck. They determine key classes different districts can draw from MCPS’s adventure and supply a framework for utilising them. A dramatic departure from “business as usual,” MCPS has gained national realization as a compelling version for tackling the success and chance matters that confront our kingdom as a whole.

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Performance Incentives: Their Growing Impact on American by Matthew G. Springer

By Matthew G. Springer

The proposal of pay for functionality for public tuition lecturers is starting to be in recognition and use, and it has resurged to once more occupy a critical function in schooling coverage. Performance Incentives: Their becoming influence on American K-12 Education deals the main up to date and entire research of this promising—yet nonetheless controversial—policy innovation.

Performance Incentives brings jointly an interdisciplinary workforce of specialists, offering an unparalleled dialogue and research of the pay-for-performance debate by

• settling on the aptitude strengths and weaknesses of tying pay to scholar outcomes;

• evaluating various suggestions for measuring instructor accomplishments;

• Addressing key conceptual and implemen - tation issues;

• Describing what academics themselves give some thought to advantage pay;

• reading fresh examples in Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, and Texas;

• learning the final impression on scholar achievement.

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